Tips

How to grow tender lilies in the harsh climate of Siberia


Lily, from the Latin Lílium, belongs to the genus of plants from the family Liliaceae, or Liliaceae. These perennials, possessing bulbs and fleshy lower leaves of a tiled structure, are white, pinkish or yellowish in color.

Criterias of choice

In Russia, there are about 16 varieties of lilies, of which the most widespread was Lilium martagon L., called amateur gardeners "Royal Curls". Under the natural conditions of the Siberian region, Lilium tenuifolium Fisch, Lilium spectabile Link or Sarana grow, as well as Lilium pulchellum Fisch.

As a rule, summer residents and flower growers breed tiger lilies on personal plots and garden plots. Lilies from the category of Asian hybrids grow very well and bloom abundantly in the soil and climatic conditions of the Siberian region. This large and diverse group of plants was bred by breeders as a result of crossbreeding of Daurian, tiger and Sakhalin lilies. They have high frost resistance and are very unpretentious in terms of cultivation and care.

Certainly It is almost impossible to grow Caucasian varietal lilies in difficult weather conditions in Siberia. And the most adapted and zoned flower varieties have been cultivated in this region for a long time and successfully. The correct selection of the variety, as well as the implementation of certain preparatory measures for the flower garden with lilies for the winter period, is the key to successful cultivation.

Lilies: planting and care

The best and most popular varieties

A whole group of lilies has been bred for Siberia, the cultivation of which is not difficult even for beginner gardeners. It is recommended to give preference to varieties and hybrid forms created on the basis of the East Asian group of lilies, which are perfectly adapted for growing in rather harsh climatic conditions of Siberia and the Far East.

Grade nameHeightColourFlowering periodThe number of flowers in the inflorescence
"Alaska"No more than 80 cmWhiteJuly8
NavonaUp to 1 mWhite with a green tintJuly9
"London"90-100 cmLemon yellow with small single specksJulyUp to 20
SolemioUp to 1.1 mYellowJulyNo more than 5-7
SterntigerNo more than 1 mOrange with Dark Cherry DotsEnd of July9 to 12
MarleneUp to 1 mLight pinkSecond half of july9-13 flowers
"Fermata"Up to 0.9 mApricot with dark purple spotsThe last decade of July25-30 flowers
CarmenUp to 0.9 mBright red with small specksIn the middle of JulyUp to 20 flowers

The florists are also keenly interested in the well-known Siberia or Cyberia cultivar.. The name itself suggests that the flower is perfectly adapted for cultivation in regions with severe winters. Lilium siberia belongs to eastern hybrids and is characterized as an unpretentious and frost-resistant plant resistant to fungal diseases with large flowers with a diameter of 20-22 cm, snow-white flowers. The edges of the petals are wavy, with a slight yellowish speck. Flowering occurs in late July or early August. Plant height does not exceed 1.1 m. It is possible to plant a plant not only in the autumn period, but also in the spring.

Spring planting rules

It should be remembered that the cultivation of garden lilies in the same place for more than five years causes a decrease in flowering. The lily growing area should be sunny or slightly shaded, without strong through winds. The optimal time for planting lilies on flower beds and flower beds of open ground is the period from the last ten days of September to the beginning of October.

When planting lilies in open ground, it is mandatory to check the condition of the soil, which should be well thawed, soft and loose. Lilies planted in the spring come into bloom in the year of planting. Spring planting is carried out after warming up the soil to 16aboutWith, approximately in April-May.

Immediately before planting, the bulbs should be soaked for a couple of hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then placed for about an hour in a solution that stimulates growth. The standard distance between plants is about 30-35 cm, and the immersion depth of planting material can not be more than 10 cm. To ensure the flowering of plants throughout the summer period, it is recommended to plant lilies with an interval of a week or ten days.

Growing Features

After the first shoots appear, they should be watered with a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then the soil is loosened. A good result is the distribution of urea over the soil surface at the rate of a tablespoon per square meter.

Oriental lilies need intensive watering, but after flowering, the need for irrigation is reduced. LA hybrid forms, as well as tubular species and Asian species, prefer moderate watering. It should be remembered that the leaves are hypersensitive to water, therefore, the introduction of moisture should be neat, under the root.

Watering should be carried out quite regularly, avoiding overdrying or excessive soil moisture in flower beds and flower beds. Once a month, it is recommended to feed plantings with lilies with phosphorus or potash fertilizers. If brown spots appear on the lily leaves, then treatment with copper-containing preparations should be carried out.

Tips & Tricks

Quite often, flower growers are faced with a situation where the bulbs of lilies planted in the spring come to a rather poor state by the autumn period. This problem arises in connection with overloading the fragile root system, as a result of which the stem and flowers feed on the expense of the bulb. Compliance with the rules of planting, as well as competent agricultural techniques minimize the loss of planting material and reduce the risk of death of a flower bulb to zero. Another feature of spring planting is the absence of children, which is especially important if necessary to propagate lilies in this way.

Lilies: types and varieties

Top dressing must be carried out with great care, since an excessive amount of fertilizer often provokes the appearance of diseases in lilies and reduces frost resistance. In addition, tall plants need timely tying, faded inflorescences must be removed, and after the end of the season, the stems must be cut.