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How many days do turkeys sit on eggs and at what age do they start laying for the first time?

How many days do turkeys sit on eggs and at what age do they start laying for the first time?


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Today, farmers are increasingly raising turkeys on their farms. This is due to the high nutritional value and excellent taste of the meat. In addition, the eggs of these birds are of great benefit to the human body. For bird breeding to be successful, it is important to get healthy offspring from them. For this, it is worth mastering the process of breeding birds. Novice farmers are often interested in how many turkeys sit on their eggs.

What you need to know about a laying turkey

Breeding turkeys is quite profitable. This is a great solution for small farms. Moreover, the birds quickly reach sexual maturity. In most cases, egg production occurs at 7-10 months. At this age, birds can be fertilized.

Some breeds produce eggs later - at about 1 year. With proper maintenance and good care of the bird during the season, it is capable of producing 1 egg per day. Its average weight is 80-100 grams.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

The number of eggs that birds bring is different - from 75 to 100 pieces during the season. It depends on the start of egg production. The earlier puberty occurs, the more productive the breed is considered.

It is permissible to hatch eggs in an incubator or place them under the poultry. In any case, it is possible to get healthy chicks. Growing turkey poults is easy. To increase the parameters of egg production, it is worth providing the bird with the correct conditions for keeping.

Age of puberty for turkeys

Many factors affect the onset of sexual maturity in birds. These include heredity, breed, body weight, keeping characteristics, health status of the bird. Turkeys usually begin to lay eggs at 7-10 months. Large individuals first fly at 32-36 weeks. At the same time, small birds often begin to rush at 28-30 weeks.

The following signs help to determine the onset of egg production:

  • the female shows concern and tries to find a secluded place - there she begins to fold leaves, branches, fluff;
  • the bird does not go out for a walk in the morning;
  • the turkey hides from other birds - it is difficult to see it indoors or on the walking area.

Most often, the laying of the testicles occurs in March-April. The second stage begins in the fall. When raising birds in an industrial way, it is possible to get eggs for a whole year. In such a situation, the process is not affected by climatic conditions or seasonal factors.

The maximum egg production is observed in young birds. When they reach 2 years of age, the rates drop significantly.

Experienced farmers use additional artificial lighting in the house to encourage earlier egg-laying.

How many days does a turkey sit on eggs

The egg-laying process in birds begins in March or April. It lasts 2.5-3 weeks. In order for the turkey to hatch the chickens, it is recommended to put 11-18 eggs under it. The specific amount is selected taking into account the size of the bird. The chicks hatch after about a month. The first turkey needs to be planted. When all the chicks are born, it is permissible to return it to its place.

Number of eggs carried by the turkey

Egg production depends on many factors - breed, heredity, characteristics of care, health status, body weight of the bird. The longer the daylight hours, the higher the productivity of birds. Turkeys produce about 2-3 eggs every other day. Sometimes they give 6 pieces at once without an interval. This happens at 11-15 hours. The very first turkey eggs are given in the morning - until 8 o'clock. As a result, for the standard 3 weeks of wearing, the birds bring 40-60 eggs.

In order for the bird to hatch eggs normally, certain rules must be followed. It is important to bear in mind that incubator-bred turkeys have a poorly developed incubation instinct. However, they also manage to make excellent hens.

To help the turkey, you should follow these rules:

  1. At first, it is not recommended to put a lot of eggs in the nest - 3-5 eggs will be enough. If you break this rule, the bird will crush the chicks. Therefore, after the birth of turkey poults, it is recommended to carefully monitor the behavior of the bird.
  2. If there is increased anxiety or excitement of a bird planted on eggs, it is worth gently stroking it. Thanks to this, the bird will calm down and return to its place.
  3. It is recommended to place the nest in a closed space. This will help the bird feel calm and confident.
  4. Feeders with fresh food and drinkers with water should be placed near the nest. They should be located within the reach of the bird.

It is recommended to remove the bird from the nest three times a day and let it go for short walks. This will help keep the hen healthy. During the incubation period, many birds stop eating and drinking. If the farmer does not intervene in time, there is a risk of death of the turkey.

Can a male hatch offspring

Males can also hatch chicks. Turkeys are distinguished by a developed parental instinct. If the turkey, for some reason, does not sit on the eggs or their number is too large, it is permissible to attract males for incubation.

However, not all birds are allowed to be used. Too large individuals are able to crush the shell with their mass or careless movements. Therefore, it is recommended to choose males that are the same size as the female or slightly larger.

It is recommended to create a comfortable nest for the turkey. It should be placed in a secluded place. After that, put plaster casts. In the evening, place the bird on a false masonry and cover it with a basin or box. It is important to make sure that the turkey can stand up to its full height.

It is recommended to release the bird only for food. If after 3-4 days the turkey does not leave the designated place, this means that he will be able to hatch the eggs before the chicks appear. At this moment, it is allowed to lay real eggs and provide the bird with complete rest. It is worth placing water and food near the nest.

Possible problems

Sometimes the birds do not want to sit on the nest. This usually happens when the nest is improperly arranged. Also, the following factors lead to the appearance of problems:

  • stress;
  • unwillingness to adapt to a new nest;
  • development of pathologies;
  • violation of conditions of detention;
  • unbalanced diet.

To achieve good results, you should follow these rules:

  1. The nest should be located in a quiet and calm area of ​​the house.
  2. If there are several nests, they should be separated by partitions. It is important to ensure that the turkeys do not see each other.
  3. The farmer must have easy access to the nest to clean and disinfect it.
  4. During the incubation period, it is important to exclude contact between females and males. The fact is that turkeys can also strive to nurse future offspring.

To assess the readiness of a bird for incubation, it is worth paying attention to specific signs. She will begin to carry straw in her beak and hiss. After 30 days after the start of incubation, offspring will appear. When comfortable conditions are created, chicks will appear from almost all eggs.

In order for turkeys to fully incubate their eggs, they need to create optimal conditions. In this case, the correct arrangement of the nest and the preparation of a full-fledged diet are of particular importance.


Watch the video: Mama Turkey hatching out a load of Baby Chicks (October 2022).