What is the difference between a turkey and a turkey and methods for determining sex at different ages

What is the difference between a turkey and a turkey and methods for determining sex at different ages

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Every novice farmer should know how turkey and turkey differ. Birds of different sexes have a different character and demeanor. When keeping them, it is recommended to take into account the special nuances when breeding and drawing up a diet. Like many birds, turkeys have no primary sex characteristics. Therefore, it is possible to determine the sex exclusively by appearance and habits.

What is the difference between a turkey and a turkey

To identify the sex of a bird, it is recommended to take into account the nature, appearance, habits. The main differences between a turkey and a turkey are its large size and impressive weight. Females weigh much less than males. However, it should be borne in mind that this feature does not always work. Some breeds are characterized by the same size of females and males. In such situations, other methods have to be applied.

Ways to distinguish sex in turkeys

To determine the sex of birds, it is recommended to take into account many features - first of all, appearance and behavior.


Determining the sex of the birds will not be difficult even for inexperienced farmers. Many people find it much easier to target size differences as males are much larger than females. But this rule does not always work.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Even with differences in the diet, females are able to catch up with the weight of large males. At the same time, adult turkeys sometimes gain weight poorly and turn out to be small and thin.

The main sign of a male is the presence of a special growth above the beak. It is called coral. This is a process that is characterized by a crimson hue. It hangs from its beak. With increased emotional arousal, the process increases to 15 centimeters in length. Bird feathers are also significantly different. Males have a tuft of filamentous feathers on the ribcage and spurs. At the same time, the almost complete absence of feathers on the head is considered a characteristic feature of turkeys.

The scallop also differs according to gender. Males have a bright red crest, while females are paler and smaller. Another parameter for determining gender is the appearance of the chin. Males have a leathery pocket at the bottom of the neck. In one-year-old turkeys, it cannot be distinguished from the neck. To see the pocket, you need to lift it with your hand. In a turkey, this part hangs 2-3 centimeters.

By the pomp of the tail

The tail helps to reveal the gender of the birds. Females have a less bushy and beautiful tail than males. At the same time, the feathers on the tail of turkeys are amazingly beautiful. They are flat and dense.

By spurs and litter volume

To distinguish between females and males, it is worth considering the presence of spurs. They are extremely rare in females. To a greater extent, birds are characterized by soft feathers. Moreover, males have sharp spurs. Another way to identify gender is to estimate the amount of litter. The age of the birds is not important in this case. In males, the droppings have a denser texture and smaller volumes. It lays down in a "J" shape. Females are characterized by a greater amount of litter. In this case, it usually forms a "slide". In appearance, the feces are similar to chicken.

By habits

The difference between birds is also in their habits. Female turkeys are characterized by a collective demeanor. They usually form groups of different sizes - it all depends on the number of birds. It is the females that are distinguished by more aggressive behavior. If the turkeys form a group, they are able to peck on other poultry - for example, chickens or roosters. Similar behavioral differences appear in adulthood. This gender assessment method is usually only used by professionals.

It should be borne in mind that it is important to separate females from males at 5-6 months - this will help to avoid traumatic injuries.

During breeding, the behavior of males changes. They make cooing sounds and draw circles on the ground. This confirms the readiness of the turkeys to mate.

By individual size

To distinguish girls from boys, you should focus on their size. The live weight of adult males can be 35 kilograms, and females - 11. At 5-6 months, they have the same size. Therefore, it is important to take into account other features as well.

In young years

The easiest way to estimate the sex of the daily turkey poultry. This can be done using the Japanese method. To do this, it is recommended to stretch the cloaca and find the genitals with your fingers. In females, it is possible to find 2 folds fastened to each other. Their genitals are more elongated and characterized by a loose structure. In turkeys, there are 2 small rounds in the hole, which are called genital tubercles. This method requires knowledge and skills, but it is 100% effective.

It is recommended to perform a genital examination in chicks very carefully to avoid traumatic injury. On large farms, this manipulation is performed by a veterinarian. Inspection of one chick takes a maximum of 2 seconds. This method of sex detection is used from birth.

In a 1 week old chick, sex can be determined by the size of the feathers. In males, extreme wing feathers are of equal length. At the same time, experts say that this method is only 70% effective. After a while, the length is leveled out and does not depend on the floor. Therefore, there is a risk of missing this moment.

At an older age, it can be more difficult to distinguish between turkey poults. Therefore, it is best to determine their gender at an early age. It should be done in 1 day.

To divide chicks 1 month old into 2 categories, you can use a special device. It involves the use of ultrasonic exposure. Turkeys and turkeys have a number of differences. To identify the gender of birds, it is recommended to take into account their appearance, size of feathers, comb and tail. There is also a difference in behavior that helps distinguish between males and females.

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