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The pear is traditionally considered a southern tree. However, the works of modern breeders today make it possible to grow fruits in the central and even northern regions. For example, the appearance of the Permyachka pear variety made it possible to grow high-quality fruits in areas with not too hot summers and snowy winters. That is why it is worth getting to know this amazing variety.
Description and characteristics of Permyachka pear
The variety was bred by the Ural breeder Leonid Kotov. The scientist was engaged in the creation of varieties of fruit trees suitable for growing in the middle lane, as well as in the Urals and Siberia. Permyachka combines exceptional winter hardiness with productivity and ease of maintenance, which is why the variety has become popular with gardeners. She is a worthy product obtained from crossing the varieties Kosmicheskaya, Elena and Tema.
The tree of this pear variety is tall (up to 5 meters), with a powerful trunk and a spreading pyramidal crown. Branches with a lot of dark green, shiny, boat-like leaves.
This is a mid-season summer variety. Fruits weighing from 160 to 200 grams, sweet dessert taste. Ribbed fruits are bell-shaped, rich green, when fully ripe, they become yellowish, some with a pink blush on the side.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Important: fruit tasting score - 5 out of 5 points. The pulp is juicy, with a light creamy shade, the skin of the fruit is dense.
Pros and cons of the variety
Permyachka grows in the Central region, the Moscow region, the Southern and Middle Urals are suitable for it.
the variety is not self-fertile (it is necessary to plant a pear of another variety nearby, for example, Severyanka or Krasulia);
it is inconvenient to harvest from a tall tree, it is difficult to prune;
the pear can suffer from fungal infections.
This variety is distinguished by strong immunity, but with an abundance of moisture and cloudy days, it can suffer from scab, fruit rot, powdery mildew. In this case, treatment with fungicides, pruning and burning of affected branches and leaves is necessary.
The subtleties of growing a tree
The presence of a Severyanka or a tree of another variety next to it increases the yield of Permyachka. The tree grows poorly in saline areas and acidic soils.
Preparatory work before landing
Choose a healthy seedling, pay attention to the trunk and roots, they should not be damaged. When the bark is peeled off, a bright green inner layer should be visible. Annual trees are planted, since 2-year olds take root worse when planting.
Before planting, the roots are treated with an antifungal compound and a growth stimulant. You can hold the roots in a clay mash. Choose for planting sunny areas protected from the wind.
It is better to plant Permyachka in the spring, in the Central and more northern regions, the seedlings will not have time to take root during the autumn planting. The pits are prepared in autumn, the size is 60x80 centimeters. It can be planted from late March to early May, depending on weather conditions.
At the bottom of the finished pit, a layer of gravel and broken brick is poured, which is drainage. The soil is mixed with humus, phosphate and potassium fertilizers are added.
A hill is poured from the ground in the pit, and a peg is stuck at a distance of 20 centimeters from its top. The roots of the seedling are spread along the soil mound and the hole is covered with earth, tamping the soil. The root collar is left 5 centimeters above the surface. A near-stem circle is formed, then the seedling is watered with 2-3 buckets of warm water. The soil around the seedling is mulched.
Further care of the culture
The tree needs pruning, watering, fertilization, protection from diseases and pests.
It is held in autumn and spring. Remove dry and diseased branches, branches growing down; leave the strongest if two of them are located next to each other. Cut off the branches looking at the trunk. Do not cut more than 25% of the branches at once.
Young and flowering trees are watered weekly, the rest - 2 times a month. Perm loves abundant watering, it is better to water the trees with warm water.
In the first 2 years after planting, the pear is not fertilized. Then, in early spring, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, phosphate and potassium fertilizers are applied before flowering and during the period of fruit formation. In the fall, the trunk circle is dug up, adding peat, humus, rotted manure. To facilitate the penetration of fertilizers to the roots, a groove with a depth of 20-30 centimeters is dug along the border of the near-trunk circle and fertilizers diluted with water are introduced into it.
Protection against diseases and pests
From scab, fruit rot, the tree is treated with 1% Bordeaux liquid, "Skor". "Topaz", "Horus" are suitable for rust. Suitable insecticides are used against pests. All drugs are used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Harvesting and storage of crops
After ripening, the fruits are stored for 10-12 days. During transportation, they should be removed until they are fully ripe.
Pear is eaten fresh, jams and liqueurs are made from it, dried and canned. It is liked by children and adults, and the appearance of varieties growing in the northern regions especially pleases gardeners, allowing them to feast on fruits grown in their own garden area.