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The apple tree of the Frigate variety is of medium size and has a high annual yield, perfectly withstanding frosty winters. The fruits are large, not less than 250 grams each. The fruit has a dense skin and sweet and sour taste, the pulp does not darken for a long time. Such apples are perfect for making juices, jams, compotes, preserves, since they are rich in vitamins and are well stored.
Description of apple tree frigate
One of the varieties - Frigate - is characterized by frost resistance by a description similar to Antonovka ordinary. The tree is medium in size and round in shape. The fruits are large, regular in shape, with a thin smooth skin. Apples stand out with a thick red blush. The pulp is fine-grained and juicy.
The apple tree prefers moisture-consuming, fertile soils, loves the sun. Despite this, the fruit tolerates frosty winters well and is able to restore the frost resistance lost during the thaw period.
The Frigate species has a high immunity to diseases and is resistant to adverse environmental conditions. The fruit is consumed both fresh and dry. It is also used for canning compotes, making wine, juices, jams, preserves, jelly, mousses.
Breeding history of the variety
This variety has appeared relatively recently. The Savelyevs and Yushkov took him out. To do this, they crossed two types of apples - Karpovoe and Skala.
The official authors of the variety are N.I. Saveliev, A.N. Yushkov and N.N. Saveliev.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any other apple variety, Frigate has its own advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of such apples include:
- dessert taste;
- uniform color of fruits;
- high productivity;
- the fruit is large and regular in shape;
- the ability to consume it in various forms;
- fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals;
- the fruit should be eaten in the winter time.
However, the species also has disadvantages: the vegetative parts of the tree do not tolerate frost well, since they have an average frost resistance; the consumption period for such apples ends at the end of winter.
The main characteristics of the variety
Apple tree Frigate differs from other varieties in certain parameters of the fruit, their size and taste. Such fruits have their own characteristics, we will consider them in more detail.
The tree is small in size. He is also called medium-sized. The crown around the branches is not dense, and has a rounded shape. The branches are located at an acute angle relative to the stem. Growth shoots grow from 4-5 buds. They have a rounded shape and a reddish-brown color. The leaves on the tree are large, elongated. The color of the leaves is dark green, and the surface is smooth.
The fruits from this tree are of regular round shape. They give one-dimensionality of the harvest. The funnel of apples is small and narrow, the stalk is small and of medium thickness. Apples are distinguished by their saucer. It is wide and not grooved. The peel of the fruit is of a dense consistency with a not rough surface. The pulp is dense, white-green in color, with a sour-sweet aftertaste. The grains in the fruit are small.
According to the data, the tasting score is 4.3-4.5 points. With proper storage, apples of this variety can be consumed until March inclusive.
According to the data provided by the authors of the variety, after the harsh winter of 2005-2006, the bark of the tree did not have any special damage, their degree did not exceed half a point. The apple tree has preserved 90 percent of the flower buds.
Therefore, we can conclude that the Fregat variety has satisfactory frost resistance, is not afraid of special freezing during medium frosts, but it may not survive at too low air temperatures, especially at a young age.
Diseases and pests
Among other varieties, Fregat is distinguished by absolute immunity to scab, it has the Vf gene. However, depending on the provided climatic conditions and growing technology, the apple tree can be attacked by insects and fungal diseases:
- powdery mildew - for treatment, insecticides Skor and Tobaz are used or the tree is sprayed with Bordeaux liquid;
- caterpillars - exterminated by chemical means, such as Metaphos;
- aphids - to prevent the invasion of a pest, it is necessary to regularly carry out preventive spraying with Karbofos in the spring;
- red tick - destroyed with Nitrafen insecticide;
- cytoporosis is a fungal disease that appears from improperly organized watering. The disease is treated hard and for a long time, therefore it is better to spray the plant with the chemical Hom annually;
- apple moth - Chlorophos and Nitrafen are used.
The frequency of fruiting
Frigate trees are considered early-growing varieties. Seedlings begin to bear fruit actively five years after planting. There is no break in the harvest, since the apple tree has good frost resistance and a tendency to self-recovery. Fruiting occurs annually.
The average harvest is 130 kilograms per tree. If the tree is grown in favorable climatic conditions, then these figures will increase.
Where is the best place to grow?
It is better to grow apple trees in a sunny open space, since the tree does not like darkening. Pick up fertile soil.
Pits for planting seedlings are prepared in advance. Each hole is dug one and a half meters deep and at least one meter wide. Lay out fertile soil and manure at the bottom, only then plant trees.
The main nuance of growing the Fregat variety is the depth of the planting site, since trees often die due to small holes.
From all of the above, we conclude that this variety has a pleasant taste and a presentable presentation. Such apples can be consumed in any form, they make sweet juices and compotes, cider and wine with sourness, and also, due to the high content of pectin, thick jams and marmalades.