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Of the existing varieties of apple trees, the Izumitelnoe (Rossoshskoye) variety stands out for its consumer qualities. The fruits of the plant have a long shelf life. The apple-tree Rossoshanskaya tasty has another characteristic feature: high resistance to pests and the environment. In this regard, the plant is planted even in regions with a harsh climate.
The Izumitelnoe variety is a hybrid obtained by breeding by Renet Simirenko and Mekintosh. MM Ulyanishchev was engaged in breeding Rossoshanskoe tasty. The plant was officially included in the register of fruitful crops in 1974.
Description of the variety Amazing
The Rossoshskoye variety is distinguished by the following characteristics:
- increased resistance to scab and powdery mildew;
- ability to withstand low temperatures;
- good productivity;
- long shelf life (up to 250 days) of apples.
Apple tree Amazing refers to the middle winter varieties. The fruits of this plant are characterized by pleasant taste. Apples are of medium size, aligned, elongated-conical shape. Mostly the same fruits grow on the same tree.
Apple-tree Rossoshanskoe refers to self-fertile trees. This means that for pollination of flowers, it is necessary that a similar variety grows nearby, at a distance of 5 meters.
The trees of the Amazing are of medium size. The crown is distinguished by a spherical and dense green "cap" with a loose leaf cover of a dark green hue. The branches grow almost vertically to the trunk. Elliptical leaves with serrated edges have an elastic consistency.
Rossoshanskoe apples include:
- dry substances;
- ascorbic acid;
- titratable acid.
The fruits are green-brown in color with a sweet and sour taste and white flesh.
The apple tree Rossoshanskoye is recommended to be planted at the end of April or October. Moreover, the first option is the most preferable. In order for the tree to sprout quickly and give the maximum yield, it is necessary to plant the plant in loam with good drainage.
This variety does not require constant fertilization. The tree is fed once a year with manure humus with calcium salts and a 0.5% urea solution.
What are the varieties?
Despite the relatively young "age", there are several types of Rossoshskoye apple trees, differing in the flowering period, type of fruit and other features.
Rossosh spring bears fruit in early autumn. Apples weigh, on average, 150 grams and are stored until the end of May.
Unlike other types of apple, the Vkusnoe variety gives elongated fruits without a glossy shade, the weight of which varies between 90-130 grams. The tree bears harvest in late September or early October. The fruits are stored until March.
Ranet produces bright red fruits. The tree is capable of growing in the territory of the Central Russia. In Siberia, Ranet takes root worse.
Rossoshanskoe winter - this is the first apple variety of this variety. The tree withstands low temperatures well and bears fruit in mid-autumn.
Lying is rare on the territory of Russia. The fruits of this variety are distinguished by increased resistance, due to which they remain suitable for consumption for two years (subject to the storage rules).
Bagryanoe is an early winter variety that grows mainly in the Voronezh region. The plant produces apples weighing up to 250 grams (an average of 150-160 grams). The peculiarity of the tree is that the first fruits appear 6-7 years after planting.
When breeding Avgustovsky (early autumn), the Bellefleur-Chinese variety was used. The tree is also found mainly in the Voronezh region.
The Augustowskoe apples should be harvested at the end of summer. The bright red fruit remains fresh for two months. The yield of one adult plant is 80 kilograms. The weight of an apple varies between 90-150 grams.
Despite the name, April bears fruit in early September, producing apples weighing 150 grams. Fruits of predominantly green color are stored for six months.
The Zolotoe variety is listed here for the purpose of avoiding confusion. Trees with this name exist. However, in reality Rossosh golden is not an apple tree, but a sweet cherry.
Apple yield Rossoshanskoe tasty
Amazing bears fruit 140 days after flowering. Apples stick tightly to the branches and do not crumble. The yield after the first fruiting reaches 100 kilograms. About 200 centners can be harvested from one hectare.
Winter hardiness and disease resistance
Apple tree Amazing tolerates low temperatures well, provided that the rules for preparing the plant for winter are observed. At the same time, frosts down to -6 degrees during the flowering period destroy all future fruits.
Despite the high resistance to the effects of scab, the latter is capable of infecting the plant. Moreover, in this case, not only the trunk suffers, but the entire crop, which is covered with many flaws. Scab develops in the presence of favorable conditions: stagnant air inside the bark and high environmental humidity.
To prevent infection, it is recommended to regularly add potash fertilizers, ash and compost to the soil, as well as form a crown in a timely manner.
More often, the apple tree is affected by the tinder fungus, which manifests itself in the form of defects on the surface of the bark. This parasite does not affect apples, localizing exclusively on the trunk. The tinder fungus must be cut at the root, after which the site of infection must be treated with copper sulfate and oil paint.
For the purpose of prevention, it is recommended to periodically treat the tree with compounds against fruit sapwood, silkworms, apple moth, hawthorn and miner moth.
The Rossoshskoye apple tree grows in the territory of the Central Black Earth regions. The homeland of the variety is the Rostov region.
However, the apple tree can be planted in other regions with sufficient sunlight. With sufficient care and regular feeding, the tree can grow in harsher climates.