What grass can and cannot be given to quails, feeding errors

What grass can and cannot be given to quails, feeding errors

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Every poultry farmer should know what kind of grass can be given to house quails. After all, not all plants are equally useful. The main thing is not to feed the birds with poisonous and rotten, moldy herbs. Any feed given to quails should be healthy and of high quality. Herbs are a source of vitamins and minerals, their presence in the diet increases the immunity of birds, makes the egg yolk brighter and the meat more tender.

What grass do quails eat

The main food for quails is crushed grain (corn, wheat, barley). Plants can be given to birds as a vitamin supplement. Free-range quails find herbs to their liking. Birds love to peck at the leaves of dandelion, plantain, clover, alfalfa, and cereals. In summer, quails often wander into the garden and eat young wheat sprouts, cabbage leaves, lettuce, parsley, sorrel, dill, mint, and basil.

If the quails are kept in a fenced yard, then it is advisable for them to add greens to the feed from the third day of life. First, the chickens are given scalded and finely chopped nettles, green onion feathers. It is useful to feed quails with woodlice, dandelions, alfalfa, clover. True, herbs, that is, green fodder, are introduced into the diet of birds gradually and initially given in minimal quantities.

It is important to remember that excess dandelion leaves can cause poisoning in quails. Nettle, before giving to the birds, must be scalded with boiling water. With pleasure, the quails eat finely chopped beet tops, lettuce, young cabbage.

Medicinal plants not only replenish the body with vitamins, but also treat quail from various diseases. True, some herbs cannot be given to birds in their raw form, but you can prepare decoctions from them. In case of illness, the quails are soldered with medicinal solutions. For example, in case of intestinal diseases, they give a decoction of St. John's wort, chamomile, and to calm down - a decoction of lemon balm, mint. For the prevention of helminthic diseases, it is useful to add tansy and yarrow to the feed.

It is important to remember that, in addition to health benefits, the presence of greens in the diet of quails affects the color of the egg yolks, giving them a rich orange hue. It is useful for layers to give alfalfa, scalded nettles, dandelions, spinach, basil. Birds that rush must definitely eat white and red cabbage, nasturtium, and ripe vegetables - tomatoes, carrots, pumpkin.

If the chicks are trying greens for the first time, then it is advisable to give them a little dried up. It is better to collect the grass in bunches and hang it, otherwise the quails will trample it. You can chop the plants and add to the feed. For the winter, nettle, clover, alfalfa, chamomile, St. John's wort, and dill are harvested for laying hens.

What is forbidden to give?

Quails are not allowed to feed on poisonous plants. It is advisable that the herbs that cause poisoning are not present in the area where the birds are walking. Before you start the quail in the meadow, you need to mow all the poisonous plants. If birds see some kind of grass for the first time, they want to taste it. It is recommended to protect them from the possibility of pecking on poisonous vegetation.

List of plants that are forbidden to feed quail:

  • jasmine, elderberry - contain toxic substances;
  • iris, clematis, castor oil plant, lilies of the valley, crocuses - cause diarrhea and vomiting;
  • hemp, poppy, periwinkle - hallucinogens;
  • Euphorbia - causes oral dermatitis;
  • tops of nightshade plants (tomatoes, peppers, potatoes) - has a toxic effect;
  • rhubarb, henbane, hemlock, buttercups, foxglove, shepherd's purse - contain toxic substances;
  • fern - causes vomiting and diarrhea;
  • ivy - leads to seizures;
  • boxwood, cicuta, dope, celandine, hellebore, nightshade, lumbago - contain poisonous substances;
  • cockle - causes diarrhea, convulsions;
  • ergot (fungi on cereals) - leads to salivation, diarrhea, convulsions;
  • burdock, horse chestnut, broom, belladonna - cause poisoning.

True, it can be difficult to protect quails that roam freely around the site from poisonous plants. Birds can go anywhere: in the garden, on a flower bed, in any part of the garden. It is better to build a walking yard for them, that is, to fence off some territory with a netting. Quails have a very sensitive organism to poisonous herbs. If the birds roam freely around the house, then you should always monitor their movement.

Signs of improper feeding

When quails eat prohibited plants, a mild eating disorder or severe poisoning may occur. If poisonous substances have entered the body of birds, then the death of birds is possible. Sometimes the poisoning is so severe that the quails do not have time to show any symptoms. Birds die with lightning speed for no apparent reason.

It is worth being wary if the quails are inactive, sit in one place for a long time, reluctantly eat food. Healthy individuals usually have a good appetite and a cheerful mood. Symptoms of poisoning: quail's legs turn blue, patients refuse to eat, drink a lot, they have diarrhea, vomiting, profuse salivation. Poison in the body of birds often leads to seizures, paralysis of the limbs and sudden death.

In case of poisoning, quails are given flax broth and crushed activated carbon. Water with sugar quickly relieves intoxication. You can give the birds milk. It is important that the goiter and stomach of poisoned quails are quickly freed from the contents. Vegetable oil, as well as a decoction of chamomile or nettle, is considered a good penetrating agent. Yogurt or kefir will help restore the intestinal microflora.

True, diseases in quails arise not only due to poisoning with poisonous plants. Sometimes birds get sick if they are not properly fed. Chicks hatched from eggs should be given a finely chopped boiled egg, cottage cheese, millet. On the third day, chopped onion feathers can be added to the feed. For the prevention of intestinal disorders and infectious diseases in chicks, a fodder antibiotic (Baytril) is added to the drinking water.

Adult quails are given crushed grain. Birds willingly eat corn, wheat, barley, oats, millet. Cereals are the main food for quails. As an additive, they give chalk, salt, premixes, bone meal, fish meal and always greens, vegetables. Birds are fed at least 3 times a day. Food is poured into the troughs for them. Leftovers not eaten are taken away after 3-4 hours. In addition to dry grain mixtures, quails are given boiled potatoes, wet mash. Adequate nutrition is essential for the health of poultry.

If the quail is not getting enough nutrients, then they grow slowly and start to hurt. Lack of vitamins and minerals, which are present in sufficient quantities in herbs, affects the appearance of birds. Quail feathers fall out, curd deposits appear in the eyes, liquid is released from the nose, the skin of the soles of the feet peels off, and paralysis of the limbs subsequently develops.

For the prevention of vitamin deficiency in summer, it is recommended to give birds green plants. In winter, it is better to add pharmacy vitamins and minerals to drinking water (vitamins A, D, E, K, C, group B).

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