Plants

Cabbage "Iceberg": agricultural technology and variety features


Cabbage "Iceberg f1" refers to the hybrids of vegetable culture popular in our country and is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for the Far Eastern Region. A variety is often confused with a salad having the same name. Vegetable culture is very similar in appearance to white cabbage and has the same round shape and leaves collected in a tight head.

Grade description

Hybrid cabbage "Iceberg" is a late-ripening vegetable crop, forming a full-fledged crop for 135-140 days. The hybrid is characterized by a half-raised outlet, the diameter of which can reach 65-70 cm.

Leaves of medium size, grayish-green color, with a strong wax coating. Heads of round shape, average weight up to 3.5-4.5 kg. The internal structure of the head is dense, whitish, crunchy and very juicy. The inner and outer stokers are medium sized. The taste qualities of the variety are excellent.

How to grow cabbage

The average yield per square meter reaches 7.3-7.5 kg. The output of marketable products 89%. The value of this hybrid form can be considered the presence of resistance to temperature fluctuations, the lack of a predisposition to cracking, the ability to long-term standing, and also the suitability for long-term storage during the winter period. The harvested crop is recommended to be consumed fresh, and also used for pickling.

Useful properties and chemical composition

White cabbage is one of the most common vegetable crops. Like other varieties and hybrids, cabbage "Iceberg" has a large number of useful qualities and properties, due to its composition.

Squirrels1.8 g per 100 g of product
Fats0.1 g per 100 g of product
Carbohydrates4.7 g per 100 g of product
Ash0.7 g per 100 g of product
Water90.4 g per 100 g of product
Calorie content28 kcal

The beneficial properties of cabbage are widely used in cosmetology and in the treatment of certain diseases. White cabbage, due to its high-quality composition, is very widely used in folk medicine, and low calorie content makes this vegetable crop in demand in dietary nutrition.

Pure Cabbage JuiceTreatment of gastritis, ulcers and liver diseasesTake 3/4 cup 40 minutes before eating
Cabbage juice with honeyIn the complex in the treatment of tuberculosis, with cough, bronchitis, coldsTake 1/2 cup of warm juice 3-4 times a day
Cabbage juice with pickled cabbage brineIn combination in the treatment of hemorrhoids and constipation200 g 2 times a day
Pure Cabbage JuiceAtherosclerosis Treatment20 minutes before a meal, 100-200 g
Cabbage juice with water, diluted in a ratio of 1: 1Purulent tonsillitis treatmentRinse 3-4 times a day
Raw Cabbage LeafJoint and soft tissue painAnesthetic compress
SauerkrautWith bleeding gums and stomatitisChewing 3-4 times a day

Landing Features

Iceberg varieties can be grown in seedlings and seedlings. Seedlings should be grown in glasses, special pots or seedling cassettes, the diameter of which should be at least 5-6 cm. The best option is to use peat pots of 6x6 or 6x8 cm in size as the landing capacity. Sowing is carried out in a fertile, light and moistened nutrient soil. Before the appearance of these sheets, the temperature regime in the daytime should be approximately 16-17 ° C, and the night temperature may be at the level of 12-13 ° C. Before the formation phase of the five true leaves, the daytime temperature should be lowered to 12-13 ° C, and the night temperature should not be higher than 10-11 ° C.

Plant cabbage seedlings on ridges in open ground should be at the age of 45-50 days after all the necessary hardening measures. The standard scheme for planting seedlings 50x60 cm. It is recommended to plant seedlings of cabbage of this variety at the rate of 45 thousand cabbage seedlings per 1 ha. When using the seedlingless method of cultivation, there is no need to grow seedlings and transplant plants to a permanent place.

Diseases and Pests

Cabbage cultivar "Iceberg f1", subject to growing technology, is rarely affected by pathogenic microorganisms or pests. To protect plants, it is advisable to use folk remedies represented by infusions or decoctions of natural insecticides.

Many insect pests can be scared away by decoctions of strongly smelling plants, such as wormwood, tomato tops, tansy, celandine, garlic and onions, as well as hot peppers. If necessary, the use of such agents and preparations as "Fufanon", "Spark", "Anometrin" and Ethaphos.

Drug nameApplicationFeatures
"Fufanon" - emulsionAgainst whites, scoops, moths, flies, aphids, thrips, whitefliesSpraying during the growing season with a flow rate of up to 1 liter per 10 square meters. m
"Spark"Against whiteflies, aphids and thripsUse by spraying plants with a working solution of 2 tablets per 10 liters of water
"Anometrin"Effective against sucking and leaf-eating pestsProcessing plants at a dose of 10 g of the drug per 10 l of water
"Etafos"Against scoops, whites and mothsAccording to the instructions supplied by the manufacturer

For preventive purposes, it is recommended that every ten days of treatment “Zolon”, “Sherpa”, “Volaton”, “Karate” or Sumyalfa.

Reviews of vegetable growers

Cabbage called "Iceberg" has a juicy, crispy and very dense whitish structure. Judging by the reviews of vegetable growers, the cabbage in the cabbage of this hybrid form is relatively small, and the pulp itself has excellent taste. The hybrid is very resistant to temperature extremes and remains on the roots for a long time.

How to sow cabbage for seedlings

Harvested is good for long-term storage and does not crack. Highly recommended by gardeners this variety of white cabbage for fermentation. Cabbage "Iceberg f1" has excellent drought tolerance and is practically not affected by diseases, as well as the most common plant parasites.