Carrots and beets are among the most popular and common vegetable crops grown by vegetable growers and gardeners in Russia. In most Western countries, these vegetables are considered national Russian products. The harvested crop of these crops is perfectly stored in the winter and, along with potatoes and cabbage, forms the basis of the vitamin vegetable diet in the cold season.
Seed selection and preparation
In the spring, many gardeners are puzzled by such a problem as the right choice of seed material for vegetables. The most convenient for sowing seeds on the tape and dragee seed material.
Since carrot seeds are quite small (about eight hundred units per gram), their germination is long: the first seedlings appear in about two or three weeks. Beet seeds are quite large: each gram contains about 50-110 pieces.
So that the seeds of carrots and beets quickly sprouted, it is not enough just to purchase the highest quality material. Prior to sowing, it is very important to carry out measures to increase seed germination and accelerate germination, as well as to comply with planting requirements. Presowing preparation of seed material involves several processes.
|Seed sorting||Very large and large seeds are calibrated by means of a magnifier, resulting in the removal of empty and deformed ones. Medium-sized seeds are sifted through a sieve|
|Seed disinfection||It is produced in a dry or wet way. You can apply heating, treatment with ultraviolet light, special solutions, including aloe juice and potassium permanganate|
|Seed hardening||Soaked seeds are placed on the shelf in the refrigerator|
|Soaking and Germination||Soaking is done by placing the seed on a damp cloth|
|Seed vernalization||Soaking and germination used to prepare very hard seeds|
|Bubbling Seeds||The method is based on the saturation of the seed with oxygen|
|Treatment of seed with trace elements and growth stimulants||Soaking in a solution of trace elements or wood ash|
If necessary, pelleting of seed material is carried out. FROMThe allowance consists in immersing the seeds in a special protective and nourishing shell, which allows you to increase their size, which greatly facilitates the sowing process.
How to plant carrots
Carrots are one of the most demanding planting and growing crops. Stable and high yields of carrots can be obtained when grown only on deeply plowed sandy loamy soils or light loams with a sufficient indicator of fertility. Rows for carrots should be placed on the most even areas. The best predecessors for her are cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes and onions.
Beetroot also places high demands on the composition of the soil in the planting area. The soil must have a neutral reaction of the medium. The best for growing table beets are light medium loamy and sandy loam soils rich in organic components.
Beets can be grown on acidic soils only after liming. It should be remembered that excessive application of lime can provoke damage to the vegetable culture by scab.
Very good precursors for beets are any kind of salads, as well as kohlrabi, onions, cauliflower or white cabbage. It is not recommended to plant beets for several years in a row, as well as after carrots, radishes, turnips and radishes.
Scheme and landing time
Only knowing when to plant carrots and beets in the spring will it be possible to get a plentiful and high-quality crop that can be stored throughout the winter period. Beets and carrots can be planted both in spring and in autumn. Most often, spring planting is practiced in household plots and garden plots. Beetroot can be placed in the same area with carrots.
Beets are often grown in seedlings, but direct sowing in open ground allows you to get a high-quality root crop. Sowing on ridges is carried out in May, when the soil warms up to a sufficient depth. You can also plant this healthy and tasty root crop in the winter, around the end of October or the first decade of November.
The most suitable dates for planting carrots in the spring are considered to be the end of April and the beginning of May. More precisely, planting dates are determined according to climatic features in the cultivation region. The timing of sowing seeds, granular seed material or seeds on the tape does not differ. After planting carrots, it is recommended to cover the ridges with crops with film, which accelerates the emergence of seedlings.
Care for planting carrots and beets consists in the implementation of basic measures, including weeding, cultivating row-spacing, thinning out crops, watering, fertilizing and combating major diseases and pests.
It is recommended to feed beets with potassium fertilizers about once every two weeks. Beets and carrots respond well to the introduction of complex fertilizers according to the standard scheme. Irrigation is carried out as necessary and depending on the type of soil.
During the growing season, table beets must be sprayed with a working solution of the Baikal EM-1 preparation. Of the main pests, the crop is most often affected by beet fly, against which the processing of plantings by means of "Confidor" is carried out. Carrots against pests are recommended to be treated with infusion of marigolds or needles. In case of severe damage to the vegetable culture by diseases or pests, modern insecticidal agents are used.
How to plant beets
Correct agricultural technology, from preparing seed material to protecting plants from pests and diseases, will allow you to get an excellent crop of carrots and beets in a personal plot.