Pear "Forest Beauty" is extremely popular among Russian gardeners and summer residents with an autumn variety of Belgian origin. This variety was accidentally discovered by Chatillon at the beginning of the 19th century in the forest zone of eastern Flanders.
Currently, the variety is widely distributed in Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Lithuania and Estonia, in the republics of Central Asia. Also, the pear "Forest Beauty" is zoned in the North Caucasus and the Lower Volga region.
Description and varietal characteristics
Pear trees of the Forest Beauty variety are medium-sized. At the initial stage of development, rapid growth and development is observed. The crown is wide, pyramidal in shape, with slightly drooping, hanging branches. Description of the variety assumes medium leafy, and fruiting occurs 3 years after planting.
Shoots are thick, straight-growing or with some arcing. The flowers are small in size, pinkish in color, are highly resistant to late spring temperature extremes. The variety belongs to the class of partially self-fertile, therefore, it is recommended to plant pollinating varieties represented by pears "Limonka", "Williams" or "Josephine Mechelskaya".
Fruits of medium size, slightly blunt, egg-shaped, covered with a thin, but rather dense, slightly rough skin. At the stage of fruit picking, their color is greenish-yellow; in the phase of complete ripening, it changes to golden-yellow, with some rustiness and a bright, very attractive blush on the sunny side of the fruit. Seeds of large sizes, pointed shape, well developed, dark brown.
The flesh is yellowish-white, tender and juicy, with oiliness. The taste is very good, sweet and sour.
The stage of removable ripeness of fruits occurs in the last decade of August, and the preservation of the harvest does not exceed three weeks. Harvest should be carried out about a week before full maturity. Even a slight delay in harvesting causes the fruits to quickly ripen, and also provokes shedding and reduces keeping rates. The harvested crop is suitable both for fresh consumption and for the production of compote.
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The right cultivation technology
Agricultural technology for growing pear varieties "Forest Beauty" is simple, but requires the following rules:
- fruit trees are characterized by features of the root system, so you need to plant in areas represented by sufficiently moist and loose soil;
- Before planting, it is necessary to carefully examine the pear seedlings for any possible damage, and plants that have them on the stem and root system must be discarded;
- standard sizes optimal for planting seedlings of a pear of a planting pit should be at least 0.8 x 8 m, with a depth of 80-90 cm, and the distance between plants at least three to four meters.
Pear care is quite simple, and even novice gardeners can grow this fruit crop.
However, to obtain high and stable yields of quality fruits, gardeners need to carry out the following activities:
- regular implementation of shallow loosening and mulching of the soil in the tree stem circles of fruit trees;
- timely application of fertilizers for plants, which are used as potash and phosphorus, as well as nitrogen-containing fertilizers;
- conducting fairly moderate irrigation, the frequency of which is determined by weather factors, as well as the type of soil on the site and the age of fruit trees;
- conducting competent measures for trimming the crown of plants, including shaping, rejuvenating and sanitary trimming;
- the implementation of timely weeding and regular cleaning of trunks from weeds.
It is very important to carry out activities aimed at protecting fruit plantations from diseases and combating the main plant parasites that are most dangerous for pears.
Features of harvesting and storage of crops
The duration of the removable period of the fruits of the pear "Forest Beauty" is about a week. In dry and hot weather, this period can be significantly reduced, and, conversely, in cool weather it lengthens. During the collection process, it is unacceptable to break out the stalks or pull them out of the fruit.
Removable fruit maturity is determined in accordance with a set of features. The category of the simplest and most accessible for determination includes a characteristic change in the color of the skin, as well as indicators of density and color of the pulp. The difference between ripe fruits is the browning of seeds, easy separation of fruits from fruit twigs.
It should be remembered that weather conditions, as well as climatic conditions in the cultivation region, very often cause a shift in the standard timing of flowering and ripening of the pear fruit of this popular variety. In addition, autumn pear varieties, harvested at the stage of removable maturity, tolerate even quite a long transportation very well.
Tips and reviews of gardeners
Pear varieties "Forest Beauty" belongs to the category of unpretentious and easily adaptable to almost any soil conditions of varieties. Such varieties perfectly adapt in conditions of moderate humidity or, conversely, dry soils.
The highest yield is observed when growing seedlings of this variety on nutritious or loose substrates. The only absolutely unsuitable is clay soil, which prevents the full development of the root system of fruit plants, inhibits their growth and significantly reduces productivity.
Experienced gardeners recommend planting this variety on a stock from a wild pear or quince. Fruit trees grafted on quince enter the fruiting phase after four years. According to gardeners, when using a wild pear as a stock, the fruiting of Forest Beauty is somewhat delayed and occurs only seven years after the vaccination activities.
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In most cases, feedback from summer residents about this variety is positive, due to the annual abundant fruiting, as well as excellent winter hardiness of fruit stands. The variety is currently widely used as the initial form for breeding work and has become the basis for the creation of more than thirty varieties that are very popular and in demand in home gardening.